- Museum number
- Series: The Lewis Chessmen
Chess-piece; walrus ivory; queen wearing floriated crown, veil, mantle and tunic; right hand placed on cheek; seated in chair ornamented on back with two addorsed animals with foliate terminations; animal heads on top of uprights.
- Production date
- 1150-1175 (circa)
Height: 8 centimetres
- Curator's comments
Text from Zarnecki et al 1984, cat. no. 212; see bibliography.
'A hoard of 78 pieces was found in 1831 in the parish of Uig on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides in what was described as a 'subterranean' chamber. Eleven pieces from the same find are in the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland in Edinburgh. From the pieces it is clear that the hoard was not made up of a number of complete sets, and as none of the carving is incomplete, a workshop hoard is most unlikely. Perhaps they formed part of the stock of a merchant ship wrecked on the shores of the island, subsequently hidden and not recovered. The pieces show virtually no signs of wear.
The form of the chessmen and the decoration on the back of the thrones on which the kings, queens and some of the bishops are seated, have led to pieces being dated from the middle to the end of the 12th century and to their being attributed to either Britain or Scandinavia. It is difficult to find a parallel for the figure style, except in other gaming pieces, and even amongst these the Lewis pieces are more stylized and rigid than any others that survive. It is unlikely that they were carved later than the middle of the century, unless they were produced in a very remote centre, but their very high quality and especially the subtlety of their decorative carving would not support this. They belong to a group of carvings whose style is found in both Scandinavia and East Anglia: at, for example, Lund Cathedral and Ely Abbey, regions that were linked by trading and by political and close ecclesiastical contacts. The actual carving of such pieces of walrus ivory could have been carried on either side of the North Sea.'
Beckwith, 1972, no.166
Dalton, 1909, pp.63-73
Lasko, 1972a, pp. 236-7
Gaborit-Chopin, 1979, no.168
M. Taylor, The Lewis Chessmen, 1978
This Lewis Chessman featured on an Isle of Mann stamp issued in January 2013.
- On display (G40/dc5)
- Exhibition history
2014-2015 Jul-Jan, Berlin, Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte, Vikings
2014 6 Mar-22 Jun, London, British Museum, Viking: Life and Legend
2013 21 Jun-30 Nov, Denmark, Copenhagen, National Museum of Denmark, Viking
2012 - 2013 27 Oct-2 Mar, Douglas, Isle of Man, Manx Museum, The Forgotten Kingdom
2011 22 Oct- 2012 5 Feb, Perth, Western Australian Museum, 'Extraordinary Stories'
2006-2007 23 Sep-21 Jan, Luton Museum, Across the Board
2006 26 May-3 Sep, Lincoln, City and County Museum, Across the Board
2006 28 Jan-1 May, Leicester, New Walk Museum & Gallery, Across the Board
2005 1 Oct-31 Dec, Gosport, Discovery Centre, Across the Board
2005 23 Jul-17 Sep, Exeter, Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Across the Board
2005 22 Jan-16 Jun, Wallsend, Segedunum Roman Fort, Baths and Museum, Across the Board
2000 4 Apr-14 Oct, Stornoway, Museum nan Eilean Siar, Norse & Viking Isles: Gall Ghadheil
1995 Oct 12-1996 Jan 14, Edinburgh, National Museums of Scotland, 'Lewis Chessmen
1990 Nov 17-1991 Apr 1, Glasgow, Art Gallery and Museum, 'Scotland Creates-500 years of Art and Design' '
- Acquisition date
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number