- Museum number
Iron plough coulter. Square-sectioned stem, slightly bent at its top, with a blade which is almost a right angled triangle and which is noticeably worn at its edge. The blade is narrower than the stem with a marked shoulder at the junction. It is not set
- Production date
Length: 695 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Iron plough coulter
Roman Britain, 1st-4th century AD
From Great Witcombe, Gloucestershire
The coulter was a technical innovation introduced to Britain by the Romans. Its function was to make a vertical cut in advance of the plough-share, which then undercut the furrow made by the coulter. This made it easier to cultivate heavy soils. Roman coulters were therefore stout knife-like iron blades with a heavy shaft by which they were secured to the plough's wooden beam.
Bibliography: Lysons 1819, 178; Payne 1947, 111.
- On display (G49/dc16)
- Acquisition date
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number