- Museum number
Pottery mortarium, stamped BORIEDOF. A complete example, now a creamy-brown colour, with the clearly impressed stamp of Boriedo on the flange to one side of the pouring spout. Both the base and interior show signs of heavy/prolonged usage, and the remaining grits in the interior are worn smooth. Small patches of copper-alloy corrosion products are present in four places on the underside but are nowhere visible on the interior surface. Four short parallel incised lines on the rim (at 11 o'clock, with the spout as 6 o'clock), which appear to have been cut intentionally, may have signified the number IIII.
Kay Hartley writes:
'A complete mortarium in micaceous, fine-textured fabric, intended to be cream but very badly discoloured. The upper surface of the flange has some concentric scoring combined with tiny fragments of flint, pinkish and transparent quartz, opaque red-brown material and rare flecks of galena. The whole of the internal surface would originally have been treated in the same way but heavy wear has removed all but the last vestiges just below the bead.
The single potter's stamp, impressed diagonally across the flange, clearly reads BORIEDO F with DO ligatured, for Boriedo fecit. Another stamp of his has been recorded from Castleford in a first-century context (publication forthcoming). Boriedo was one of several contemporary potters making similar mortaria, who were active in Gallia Belgica in the second half of the first century; the optimum period for Boriedo is probably c. AD 60-90.'
- Production date
Diameter: 324 millimetres
Height: 99 millimetres
Weight: 2787 grammes
- Curator's comments
- Ribchester hoard
Roman Britain, late 1st or early 2nd century AD
From Ribchester, Lancashire
This hoard of military metalwork and other itens was found in 1796 by a clogmaker's son playing behind his father's house in the village of Ribchester. Ribchester was the site of a Roman fort, and the hoard seems to have been placed in storage in a wooden box, probably beneath a barrack block floor, in about AD 120. Until then the fort had been garrisoned by a cavalry regiment, the Ala II Asturum, and the hoard, possibly the belongings of a single soldier, consists mainly of cavalry equimpent.
Most striking is the two-piece vizor helmet, which was worn in cavalry sports events (hippika gymnasia), colourful displays in which both horse and rider were dressed in elaborate clothing and metal fittings.
The perforated bronze domes to the left of the helmet are a pair of horse eye-guards, and below them is a set of highly-decorated horse brass, including (to the right of the helmet) a mount with a bust of Minerva, goddess of war and wisdom. The broken discs in the centre foreground are the remains of military awards, while on the right are three bronze pans and a pottery mixing bowl (mortarium). The other objects include parts of two saddle plates and a boar's tusk amulet (good luck charm).
- On display (G49/dc8)
- Acquisition date
- Britain, Europe and Prehistory
- Registration number