- Museum number
Bronze crested helmet. The two sides of the ogival cap and its crest are made of separate hammered sheets. The two halves are joined at the base by two plates, which overlie and are riveted to both sides of the cap; these rectangular plates have three horizontal, solid, ornamental prongs, recalling rivets. Three rivets with flattened heads join the sheets of the crest at the apex and lower corners and along the outer edge the two sheets of the crest are united by crimping, with the edge of one sheet folded over the edge of the other sheet. On both sides of the cap, the sheets are embossed with five rows of large bosses, separated and bordered by double rows of small bosses and above are embossed representations of a crested helmet between the confronting foreparts of pairs of birds, each motif with a central boss. Along the junction of the cap and crest is a series of punched dotted lines. On both sides of the crest and following its outline are three rows of large bosses separated and bordered by rows of small bosses and between this decoration and the cap are four large bosses surrounded by concentric circles. Three holes near the rim on both sides of the cap were probably intended for the attachment of a leather lining or chin-strap. Break near tip of crest; small part of the rim is missing. Little patina.
- Production date
Diameter: 225 millimetres (at rim)
Height: 352 millimetres
Weight: 1230 grammes
- Curator's comments
Sestieri & MacNamara 2007
See Hencken 1971, Later Helmet with Pointed Cap; Stary 1981, ‘Kammhelme mit spitzer Kalotte’.
The Italian helmets of this type form a closely related group, concentrated in southern Etruria, though a few examples were widely dispersed in Italy (Hencken 1971, fig. 51), and fragments of Italian crested helmets with similar decoration are known from Delphi and Olympia (Kilian 1977, 429, fig. 1; von Hase 1979, 64–66, fig. 1.1 and 2; von Hase 1997, 298, fig. 8).
Analogies close in form to this example and with decoration including embossed representations of helmets or the foreparts of birds on the cap and with bosses surrounded by concentric circles upon the inner part of the crest come from Bisenzio, Tarquinia and Veii (see below).
This helmet was probably made in southern Etruria (now the province of Viterbo, Lazio), most likely at Tarquinia.
Close parallels: Hencken 1971, 79, fig. 53, from Bisenzio, Bucacce, tomb 1; Hencken 1968, 339, fig. 339b; Hencken 1971, 86, fig. 60, from Tarquinia, Monterozzi, Pozzo with Crested Helmet with Bird-boat, probably phase IB; Quattro Fontanili 1970, 300, figs. 74–75, tomb AA1.18, phase IIB. EIA, late. Bibliography: Hencken 1971, 91, figs. 66–67; Sprenger 1977, fig. 4; Stary 1981, 421, no. 2; Haynes 1985, 245, no. 1, pl. 1; Stary 1986, 25, no. 1, fig. 1; Macnamara 1990, 10, fig. 7a.
cf. No 43, Pl. 3, MS 850 in Turfa, J. M. 2005. Catalogue of the Etruscan Gallery of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
- On display (G71/dc2)
- Acquisition date
- Greek and Roman
- Registration number