- Museum number
Marble epitaph plaque with Latin funerary inscription.
Height: 27.60 centimetres
Length: 25.40 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- This inscription is said to have been found at Seville before 1811 (Register of the Greek and Roman Department, British Museum), after which it entered the collection of Nathan Wetherell at Seville (still called Hispali in the 19th century).
Nathan Wetherell, a British textile merchant in Seville, mostly collected paintings, but decided to undertake excavations at Italica/Santiponce in the 1820s, as well as to acquire antiquities. He acquired some inscriptions from the monastery of San Isidoro del Campo, this way rescuing them from the destruction that the monastery underwent in the late 1830 during the Desamortización, the expropriation and privatisation of monastic properties.
It is unknown how exactly the inscription entered the collections of the British Museum, but it appears that 16 Latin inscriptions from this area in Spain (1905,1205.1-16) arrived in one acquisition. No letters in the BM archives can be attributed to this acquisition, but it is likely that they all came through Nathan Wetherell's son, Horace, who lived in London. At least 4 other inscriptions (1905,1205.13-16), but probably also others (see the note in CIL II, p 698 for Italica) were at his London home at some point in the second half of the 19th century - it is therefore likely that all were (1905,1205.1-12).
The Register in the Greek and Roman Department mentions that the inscriptions must have been acquired by the department at some date between 1869 and 1891, without further clarification. CIL II (see the note in CIL II, p 698 for Italica), published in 1893, mentions that Samuel Birch, then Keeper of the Department of Antiquities in the British Museum, had sent ectypa (either casts or squeezes) of 1905,1205.13-16 to the CIL editor, but that also 1905,1205.1-2, 4-6, and 10 were now in the British Museum (yet, at its respective entry in the CIL, 1905,1205.2 was said to be lost). No mention was made of the other inscriptions.
These inscriptions are often said to be lost, even as recent as 2012, see J.B. Fortes and J.M.R. Hidalgo (2012) Las excavaciones arqueológicas en Italica tras la desamortización del monasterio de San Isidoro del Campo (Santiponce, Sevilla), In C. Papí Rodes, G. Mora y M. Ayarzagüena (eds), El patrimonio arqueológico en España en el siglo XIX: el impacto de las desamortizaciones. Madrid, pp. 32-49, especially p37 and note 19.
- Not on display
- Acquisition notes
- Previously unregistered, acquired by the Museum before 1891.
- Greek and Roman
- Registration number