- Museum number
The tombstone of Marcus Calpurnius Rufus from Ephesus, as a monumental slab with a Latin inscription, decorated with two fasces (bundles of rods with axes) to indicate his rank as praetor. The inscription gives further details of his career: he had been prefect of the Roman corn supply, legatus (governor) of the province of Cyprus, and propraetor (also governor) of the provinces of Pontus and Bithynia and of Asia, where he died.
Length: 144.78 centimetres
Thickness: 27.94 centimetres
Width: 124.46 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- The inscription contains the full name of the deceased as a common epitaph. His family name Calpurnius indicates some connection the Calpurnii, a family of Italian settlers who became the most prominent family in Attaleia, Pamphylia, in the 1st century AD.
The deceased here has the same cognomen and name as a proconsul of Achaia, Calpurnius Rufus, who was admonished by the emperor Hadrian in the rescript that forbade a proconsul not to let his legate leave the province before himself. It has therefore been suggested that the M. Calpurnius Rufus in this inscription could be the same person as the proconsul of Achaia. Other scholars, however, date this inscription to the reign of Claudius, whcih means that the proconsul of Achaia perhaps was his grandson.
The inscription is accompanied by two fasces and secures (bundles of rods with axes), an indication of the rank of the praetor.
Rufus’ different titles - legatus, propraetor, proconsul - all virtually mean the same thing, ‘governor’, though legally they all differed because of the different statuses of the respective provinces.
- Oliver, J.H., Americal Journal of Philology, vol.69, no.4 (1948), p. 434-441;
- Curtius, C. Hermes, vol.4, (1870), p.217.
- Wood, J T (1877) Discoveries at Ephesus, London, p. 115, and Appendix, p.5, nr. 4.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Greek and Roman
- Registration number