- Museum number
Pottery: red-figured kylix.
Interior: Within a circle composed of sets of three maeanders separated by chequered squares, Athene giving Cadmos the stone with which to kill the serpent. Athene (helmet half seen, with raised cheek-pieces, aegis, chiton with fringed hem, himation girt at waist, earrings) stands on left, with spear held in left resting against her left shoulder, and gives the stone with her right to Cadmos, ΚΑΔΜΟΣ, a youthful figure who moves away eagerly to right, looking back and receiving it with his right hand. In his left he holds a calpis, and a mantle hangs over his left arm. A sword hangs at his side from a cross-belt, but only part of the handle and the end of the scabbard are shown. His hair, falling in wavy curls, is confined with a fillet. Both figures stand on a thin red line, which cuts off an exergue, painted black.
The exterior scenes are occupied with the destruction of the Niobides.
(a) Apollo slaying the Niobides. Beside a palm or pine (?), which is conventionally represented as springing on rocky ground, a leaf on each side at the root and two on each side of the crown, Apollo, ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝ, strides to left, shooting with his bow at a youth who flees on the extreme left; he is beardless, and has long wavy hair confined with a fillet on his extended left arm hangs a mantle, and his bow and quiver-case (decorated with black wave pattern) hangs by a cross-belt from his right shoulder; the fore-finger of his left is extended, guiding the arrow. The youthful Niobide runs swiftly away, his left foot raised high, looking back and raising his right arm as if to protect his face. The upper part of this arm, as well as his head and shoulders, are missing; a mantle hangs from his left arm, and he lets fall a chelys as he runs. The chelys is roughly drawn, with only five strings. Between him and Apollo a woman also moves away, looking back and lifting the edge of her himation on her right shoulder; she has also an undertied chiton and earrings; in her long hair is a radiated stephane. On the right of the tree another female figure (Niobe? according to Raoul-Rochette) moves away rapidly, with left foot raised, looking back and extending an arm on either side; she wears a sleeved chiton and a himation, and her hair is looped up with a broad taenia tied in a bow at the back.
(b) Artemis shooting a Niobide. Artemis, APTEMIΣ, her left foot raised on some object not seen, shoots at a girl who moves away on the right. She wears a sleeved chiton, a himation tied around her waist, earrings, and a radiated stephane in her long hair: over her left shoulder appears the top of a quiver. The girl looks back at Artemis, her left raised to her head in a gesture of despair, her right raising the hem of her skirt; her Doric chiton has an apoptygma, and she wears earrings and a radiated stephane. On either side a boy runs away; the one on the left looks back, raising his left arm with mantle around it as a shield, and brandishing in his right a stone (?) as if to hurl it at Artemis: the other, whose left arm is also draped, seems to be beckoning with his right for assistance. Both wear fillets. The bowstring is not indicated either in a or b. On the bottom of the foot, incised characters.
Purple is used for the inscriptions only. Light brown for inner markings. Eye in profile. Beneath each handle is a triple palmette ornament.
- Production date
Diameter: 33.02 centimetres
Height: 10.16 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- BM Cat. Vases
Raoul-Rochette, Mon. Ined. p. 428; Heydemann in Berichte d. sächs. Ges. 1875, pl. iii, a-c, p. 211; Murray, Designs from Greek Vases, no. 57; Stark, Niobe und die Niobiden, pp. 150-153; Welcker, Alte Denkm. i, p. 300; Overbeck, Kunstmyth. (Apollo), p. 334, no. 98, Atlas, pl. xxii, 11; Roscher, vol. ii, p. 831 (s.v. Kadmos). Style and technique identical with BM Vase E82.
The tree on side a is perhaps intended to represent Mt. Cithseron, cf. BM Vase Ε466.
The subject of a and b was represented on the reliefs of the throne of Zeus at Olympia, Paus. v, 11, 2. The position of the feet of most of the figures is probably due to the suggestion of locality, noted above.
- On display (G20a/dc4)
- Much broken, and surface, especially in interior and b, considerably injured.
- Acquisition date
- Greek and Roman
- Registration number