- Museum number
Pottery: red-figured kylix.
Interior: Within thin red circle, Eros wearing fillet, holding pomegranate fruit in right, raising left with palm outwards, flies to right in horizontal position. His legs are bent, the feet resting against the circle: below and above, him KAΛOΣ, καλός (bis).
Exterior: (a) Achilles pursuing Troilos and Polyxena: in the centre of the scene, Achilles (helmet covering face, cuirass with two spirals on breast, short chiton, greaves) rushes to right armed with a spear, and on outstretched left a Boeotian shield (device, a crescent between two rings): part of left arm and shield wanting: in front of him Troilos, in a short chiton and chlamys flying from his shoulders, gallops to right with two horses: in front of him Polyxena in long chiton, hair looped up with a stephane, runs looking back with outstretched arms. On the extreme left is a fountain issuing from a mule's head in a building represented by a column and Doric entablature: towards this a girl in long chiton and himation, hair looped up with a fillet, runs, looking round and raising left hand, palm upwards: her right is pressed against her bosom. The chlamys of Troilos is decorated with horizontal bands of alternate zigzags and dots. In field, inscription.
(b) The 'Όπλων κρίσις, or quarrel of Ajax and Odysseus about the armour of Achilles. Ajax and Odysseus, both nude, wreathed and bearded, stride forward from opposite sides with drawn swords against each other, but each is restrained by two young wreathed Greeks: one in front bending down, with arms thrown around the hero's waist, his head hidden by the body which he grasps: and one behind, who grasps the wrist of the hero in one hand and with the other endeavours to wrest the sword from him. Between these groups Agamemnon, bearded and wearing helmet tilted back and mantle over his shoulders, runs to right looking back, with arms outstretched on either side as if to part the combatants. In the field KAΛOΣ, καλός (ter).
Glaze brilliant, deep colour, drawing rather angular and outlines thick, though not careless. Purple used for inscriptions, headdress, bridle, and flowing water. Inner markings in b only, in a dull grey. Outline of hair incised throughout, except in case of Polyxena in a: in the case of Troilos it is indicated both by outline left red, and by incising: prevalence of hard parallel lines in the drawing: upper part of chiton, on which no folds are indicated, hangs over girdle like a cuirass.
- Production date
Diameter: 34.90 centimetres
Height: 13.95 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- BM Cat. Vases
Birch, Archceologia, xxxii, pl. 10, gives b badly drawn; Murray, Designs from Greek Vases, no. 10; cf. Robert, Bild und Lied, p. 214; Ann. dell’ Inst. 1867, p. 153. This is apparently the vase which Welcker describes in Ann. dell’ Inst. 1850, p. 84, no. 17, " Kylix che vidi nel Museo di Napoli"; cf. Overbeck, Her. Bildw. p. 350, no. 15; no such vase is given in the Naples Cat.
For the scenes, cf. Overbeck, op. cit., p. 381, where scene b is wrongly described as the quarrel of Achilles and Agamemnon. For a similar fountain with a mule's head cf. Ann. dell’Inst. 1877, pl. W.
- On display (G20a/dc1)
- Much broken.
- Acquisition date
- Greek and Roman
- Registration number