- Museum number
Pottery: red-figured amphora type A.
(a) Dionysos, Briachos, and Erophyllis. Dionysos, with long wedge shaped beard, long hair wreathed with ivy, long sleeved chiton and mantle over shoulders decorated with dotted crosses and a border round the neck of billet pattern, moves to right, holding cantharos in right and a long branching vine with grapes, spreading over the design, in his left over his shoulder: before him his name, ΔIONΥΣΟΣ, Διόνυσος. He is followed by a bearded satyr inscribed Βρίαχος, who with open mouth raises his left hand to pluck a grape from a bunch which he draws towards him with the palm of this hand. On the right a Maenad, inscribed with the name EPOΘΥΛΛΙΣ, Έροφυλλίς, dances towards Dionysos, holding forward in her right a snake which darts its tongue vertically upwards: in her left she holds a thyrsos: she has long hair and a long chiton with studded sleeves, tied at the waist, with a colpos falling in front: both she and the satyr wear ivy wreaths.
(b) Warrior and Amazon: A young warrior with helmet tilted back, chlamys and short chiton and greaves, with a spear and shield (device, a lion lying down, with tongue protruding, to left in silhouette, with mane indicated by purple strokes, and eye incised, on a black line), moves to left, holding with his right by the rein his horse, which chafes the bit, turning its head en face: above this warrior, his name ΗΙΠΠΑΙXMOS, "Ιππαιχμος. On the left an Amazon stands to right, holding in her left a bow, in her right a battle-axe (?) butt foremost (the head of the axe is missing): she wears a kidaris wreathed, and a dress of unusual form: the upper part is like the jerkin of Scythian dress, with long tight-fitting sleeves edged with dots: but the lower part and left edge is like the ordinary short chiton, tied at the waist: it is made of skin, indicated by eye-shaped marks spread over it: she has greaves, and a large quiver and bowcase hanging at her left side by a crossbelt. Beside her, her name, ΣΕΡΑΓΥΕ, Σεραγύη.
The head is rather large in proportion to the body: the drapery is transparent and clinging: the upper part of the chiton has no folds: the inner markings, the nostril, hair on cheek, and moustache of Hippaechmos, and crest of horse are in a fine thinned varnish-brown: the hands and feet carefully drawn, and the finger nails indicated by dots in b. The beard of Dionysos has a thin purple line separating it from the cheek and chin: purple is also used for vine and ivy, inscriptions, mane of lion, and bow, spear, and wreath in b. The grapes and the hair over the forehead in a are indicated in raised black varnish: their stalks, outline, and that of the hair, tongue of serpent, eye of lion, and bowstring, are incised. The eye of Dionysos and Seragye are of ordinary archaic form: the others have the dotted circle for pupil, like the early black figure style. Each design is enclosed in a border: below, palmettes laid horizontally to right: at the sides, net: above, palmettes upright, this alone being red on black, all the others black on red: round the bottom of the body, rays: on the moulded sides of the handles, ivy pattern: thin purple lines round the neck, body and upper surface of foot.
- Production date
- 500BC (circa)
Height: 63.50 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- BM Cat. Vases
Amati, Osservaz. p. 22 ; Campanari in Atti della pontif. Accad. Rom. vii, p. 88; Gerhard, Rapp. Volc. no. 716; Creuzer, Ein Alt-Ath. Gefäss, p. 15; Raoul-Rochette, Lettre à M. Schorn, p. 9; Brunn, Künstlergesch. ii, p. 700; Wieseler in Gott. Gel, Anz. 1871, p. 985; Heydemann, Satyr, u. Bakchenn. pp. 27, 35; Corey, Amaz. Ant. Fig. p. 91; Klein in Attn. dell’ Inst. 1881, p. 81; Hartwig, Meistersch. p. 168; C.I.Gr. 8227.
The name Briachos as that of a satyr occurs on a vase C.I.Gr. 7465: Hesychius s. v. gives it as the name of a Maenad.
The name of the Amazon has been variously interpreted: Rochette and Creuzer, loc. cit., read the word as έγραφσεν, and combined the two names as an artist's signature. The name, however, is perfectly legible and complete.
- On display (G20a/dc6)
- Exhibition history
1990 24 Mar-10 Jun, Australia, Canberra, National Gallery of Australia, Civilization: Ancient Treasures from the British Museum, cat. no.64
1990 28 Jun-23 Sep, Australia, Melbourne, Museum of Victoria, Civilization: Ancient Treasures from the British Museum, cat. no.64
1990 20 Oct-9 Dec, Japan, Tokyo, Setagaya Art Museum, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.99
1991 5 Jan-20 Feb, Japan, Yamaguchi, Prefectural Museum of Art, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.99
1991 9 Mar-7 May, Japan, Osaka, National Museum of Art, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.99
1997-1998 13 Oct-5 Jan, India, New Delhi, National Museum, The Enduring Image
1998 9 Feb-3 May, India, Mumbai, Sir Caswasjee Jahangir Hall, The Enduring Image
- Acquisition date
- Greek and Roman
- Registration number