- Museum number
[Description from Greek Vase catalogue 1893]
Pottery: black-figured hydria. Designs in black on red panels, with borders of ivy down the sides and palmettes along the bottom; accessories of white and purple.
1. On the shoulder: Departure of warriors: In the centre, a warrior to right, beardless, with long hair, fillet, short chiton, and sword, fastening a greave on his left leg, which rests on his helmet; the other greave is already on. Facing him, stands a female figure with long tresses, fillet, long chiton and diploidion, holding his spear in right hand. Behind her is a warrior to left with tall visored helmet, chlamys, greaves, spear and shield with device of a bent leg supporting with right hand the shield of the first warrior, which has a tripod as device. Behind him is an archer departing to right, and looking back, bearded, with peaked cap, short embroidered chiton, double-headed axe in right hand, left hand raised, quiver at side. Confronting him is a warrior, as last, with three pellets on shield. On the left of the centre group is a similar warrior to left, with three pellets on shield, confronting an archer, as the former, but beardless; also a beardless figure to right in long chiton and embroidered himation, holding in left hand a wand or spear.
2. On the body: Achilles and Penthesilea: In the centre is Achilles moving to right, bearded, with long tresses, fully armed, two spears in right hand, carrying over left shoulder the body of Penthesilea. Her head hangs down in front with eyes closed, long tresses and a purple wreath, and she wears a short chiton and cuirass, on right arm a bracelet, on right leg an anklet, at side a sword, with sheath terminating in a panther's head. By the side of Achilles is a Boeotian shield with device of an ivy-wreath. In front of him are a warrior and archer departing to right; the warrior, who is looking back, is fully armed, with triquetra as device on shield; the archer is bearded, with Phrygian cap, short embroidered chiton, and greaves, in left hand an axe, at back a quiver. On the left is a fallen Amazon lying back with left leg drawn up, long tresses, fillet, high-crested cap, cuirass, short embroidered chiton, greaves, spear, and shield with two pellets. Over her strides a warrior to left, fully armed, shield with device of a bull's head transfixing her with spear. Above this warrior is inscribed: KAΛOΣ; in front of Achilles is inscribed : KPITI ... Κρίτί[ας].
- Production date
- 510BC-500BC (circa)
Height: 51.50 centimetres
Width: 34.50 centimetres
Depth: 33 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- [Commentary from BM Cat. Vases]
Overbeck, Her. Bildw. p. 505; Schneider, Tro. Sagenkr. p. 139; Wernicke, Lieblingsn. p. 23, n. 1.
There appears to be no other example of this form of the subject, and therefore Overbeck describes the warrior in the centre as Theseus, and the Amazon carried off as Antiope, and so in Vase Ε293; but see Schneider, l.c.
- On display (G69/dc40)
- Exhibition history
2014-2015, 11 Dec-8 Feb, Athens, Museum of Cycladic & Ancient Greek Art, Beyond
2016, 26 Jan-30 Oct, Cardiff, National Museum of Wales, Treasures: Adventures in Archaeology
- Slightly damaged.
- Acquisition date
- Greek and Roman
- Registration number