- Museum number
- Series: The Parthenon Sculptures
Marble relief (Block XXXVI) from the South frieze of the Parthenon. The frieze shows the procession of the Panathenaic festival, the commemoration of the birthday of the goddess Athena.
Ahead of the chariots, there appeared groups of draped pedestrian figures. In the North frieze these comprised elders, musicians, pitcher bearers, tray bearers and figures leading animals as sacrificial victims. In the South frieze the pedestrian procession survives less well than it does in the north, but we can expect a similar pattern of groups. Whereas in the North, however, the victims comprise four cattle and four sheep, in the South there are ten cattle. These go quietly at first and then have to be restrained before order is restored once more. The explosion of the Parthenon in 1687 damaged the South frieze the most.
This block shows a group of men, heavily draped in himation cloak. They are perhaps elders involved in the games and the sacrifices, but they are also often identified with the branch-bearers. These are the men who, having been judged the most handsome in a Panathenaic beauty contest, then walked in the procession carrying the victor’s olive branch.
- Production date
- On display (G18)
- Acquisition date
- Greek and Roman
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: South Frieze, Block XXXVI