- Museum number
Draped marble terminal bust, probably of Herakles, wearing a wreath of poplar.
- Production date
- AD 1 - 160
Height: 43.18 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Cook 2013, nr. 229:
Townley's description; ‘A head of Bacchus, joined with the character of Hercules; it is crowned with a wreath of the Platanus, and ends in a Terminus. heads of Bacchus in this mixed character are frequent; this was found 1777 in the grounds belonging to the Cæsarini family near Genzano’ (TY 12/3, library 26).
Purchased from Jenkins for 150 Scudi, plus 3 Scudi for the restoration of the ribbon, in 1777 (bill from Jenkins TY 8/74/23, transcribed by Townley TY 8/75/7 and the ‘Union Catalogue’, fo. 62r). Townley’s entries of £16 in TY 10/7 and of £18 in TY 10/5 and TY 10/3, fo. 22, are evidently miscalculations: an exchange rate of 42.5 paols to £1 would give exactly twice the latter figure.
On 29 October 1777, Jenkins reported to Townley that he had received the antiquities from Genzano on the previous day. Townley had earlier made a selection of objects he would like, but they had been claimed by the Cardinal (TY 7/376). On 24 December, however, Jenkins was able to assure Townley that he could have the terminus (TY 7/378).
Hadrianic copy (Stewart); copy ca. AD 140 of original of ca. 370 BC (Stewart, Malibu); Skopas (Graef, < Tegea heads; formerly attrib. to Praxiteles, cf. Lansdowne Herakles); Skopas (Lippold); for the identification of this head with the one described by Visconti as found at Monte Cagnolo, see Neudecker.
* Townley drawings 2010,5006.122 (attributed to Brown, but disputed) and 2010,5006.190 (perhaps by Chambers, I. D. Jenkins);
* Chambers: B. F. Cook, `The Townley Marbles in Westminster and Bloomsbury’, The British Museum Yearbook, 2 (1977), 42-43, figs. 24-25, no. 2.
- Synopsis of the Contents of the British Museum (1808), III.46;
- Specimens of Ancient Sculpture. Selected from Different Collections in Great Britain, by the Society of Dilettanti (London, 1809-1835), I, pl. 60;
- Ancient Marbles of the British Museum, II, pl. 46;
- B. Graef, ‘Herakles des Skopas und verwandtes’, RM 4 (1889), 195;
- A. H. Smith, A Catalogue of Sculpture in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum, Vol. III (London 1904), 93, no. 1731;
- G. Lippold, Die griechische Plastik. Handbuch der Archäologie III.1 (Munich, 1950), 251, note 6;
- P. Arias, Skopas (Rome, 1952), 104, no. 4;
- A. F. Stewart, Skopas of Paros (Michigan, 1977), 139, A, I, no. 3 (bibl.), pls.30, 52 a-c;
- S. Howard, Bartolomeo Cavaceppi, eighteenth-century restorer (PhD thesis 1958; Chicago, 1980), figs. 46-7;
- A. F. Stewart, Skopas in Malibu (Malibu, 1982), 5, fig. 7;
- O. Palagia, OJA 3 (1984), 109-10, fig. 2;
- E. M. Koppel, Die römischen Skulpturen von Tarraco. Madrider Forschungen XV (Berlin, 1985), 100f, note 2 to cat. no. 142, with bibl.;
- B. F. Cook, The Townley Marbles (London, 1985), 25, fig. 25;
- Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, IV, 784 s.v. Herakles no. 1174* (bibl.);
- R. Neudecker, Die Skulpturenausstattung römischer Villen in Italien (Mainz am Rhein, 1990), 163, no. 21.17;
- A. Dostert, Die Funde vom Monte Cagnolo – Sammlungsgeschichte und Bedeutung im Villenkontext (Magisterarbeit am Fachbereit 14 der Freien Universität Berlin, 1991), 72-75, no. 5 (bibl.), pls. 20-21;
- S. Kansteiner, Herakles. Die Darstellungen in der Groβplastik der Antike (2000), 116, no. La 13 (bibl.), fig. 14.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Greek and Roman
- Registration number