- Museum number
Pottery: red-figured bell-krater.
Imperfectly fired. Designs red on black ground, with white accessories; restored. Above the designs, a laurel-wreath; below each, maeander and chequer-pattern; round the bottom of the handles, egg-moulding.
(a) Dionysiac group: In the centre of the scene, which is apparently on a mountain-side, is Apollo seated to right, with long curls, laurel-wreath, short chiton, embroidered himation over shoulders, chelys in right hand, and laurel-branch in left; he turns round to look at Dionysos, who is seated to left at the left of the scene on the same level, and looks back at Apollo. Dionysos is beardless, and has long curls with a broad fillet and ivy-wreath, and short chiton; under him is an embroidered himation with a border of wave-pattern; in right hand he holds a rhyton, in left a thyrsos; above and below him are ivy-leaves. Between them, on a lower level, is a Satyr with face raised to right, offering a cantharos (round which is an ivy-wreath) to Apollo with left hand; over his left shoulder is a panther's skin, in right hand an oinochoe. Above the Satyr is a Maenad offering a large flat basket of fruit to Apollo, from which hang sprays; she has earrings, and a long girt chiton embroidered with wave and other patterns, and her hair is gathered under a radiated opisthosphendone; her figure is concealed below the knees, probably implying that she is ascending a mountain path; she leans forward with right hand resting on her hip. On the right and on the lowest level is another Maenad with hair in a club, radiated ampyx, earrings, and long chiton with wave-border, richly embroidered, also holding out a flat basket of fruit to Apollo. Behind her on a higher level is a Satyr seated on a rock to right, looking round; he wears an ivy-wreath and short transparent chiton; his right hand rests on the rock, and in left is a chelys. Below Apollo is a low altar or thymele; in the field, ivy-leaves.
(b) In the centre is an ephebos to right, enveloped in drapery; facing him is another holding out a strigil and aryballos in right hand; between them is a fluted pillar or term. On the left is a third to right with right hand extended. All wear fillets and large himatia, and the two latter, short-sleeved chitons.
- Production date
Diameter: 39.40 centimetres
Height: 38.70 centimetres
- Curator's comments
Jenkins & Sloan 1996
Probably a pair with BM Vases F75.
This is almost certainly the vase Hamilton had in mind when, in the introductory preface to the publication of his second vase collection, he was at pains to explain that Tischbein's engravings were accurate reproductions. He recalls how G. B. Passed had reproduced the scene on a vase which Hamilton had bought from the Mastrilli collection:
‘The learned Antiquarian has displayed in his dissertation on that vase much of his erudition to explain the reason why a Silenus was represented there completely clothed, and not naked as in most monuments of antiquity. When that vase came into my possession, having purchased the whole collection, I soon perceived that the drapery on the Silenus had been added with a pen and ink, as was the case on the figures of many other vases in the same collection, the late possessor being very devout having caused all the nudities to be covered. However, soon as the vase was mine, a sponge washed off at once the modern drapery, and Passeri's learned dissertation.’
Overpainting is indeed apparent on this and a number of the vases published by Passed that eventually passed from the Museo Mastrilli into Hamilton's collection.
In the fourth volume of AEGR d'Hancarville mistook the figure of Apollo for Bacchus Musagete (leader of the Muses) and the Dionysus for Ariadne. In the manuscript catalogue Apollo is identified as Hermes, inventor of the lyre, in the midst of the followers of Bacchus.
LITERATURE: Passeri, II, pl. 103; AEGR, 11, pl. 68, and iv, p. 42; d'Hancarville, MS Catalogue, 11, p. 662; Tischbein, 1, pp. 10-12; Beazley, ARV2 1418, 5; Lyons, pp. 11-12 and 16, figs 22-3.
BM Cat. Vases
D'Hancarville, ii. pl. 68; Passeri, Pict. Etr. ii. pl. 103; Inghirami, Vasi Fitt. ii. pl. 196; El. Cer. ii. pl. 74 A; Arch. Zeit. 1865, pl. 202, fig. 2; Overbeck, Kunstmyth. (Apollo), p. 326.
- On display (G20a/dc8)
- Acquisition date
- Greek and Roman
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: 1772,0320.32.*