- Museum number
Blanket "munyuure." Blanket made of eleven (11) hand woven narrow strips made of industrial cotton threads and machine sewn together.
The decoration is organised in dark blue and white bands with transverse continuous weft-faced arrangement, symmetrically displayed from the centre of the piece. In the centre is a white background band decorated with dark blue lines and dots made in supplementary weft technique, and forming a succession of white squares separated by four black lines, between weft dark blue lines made in plain weaving. On both sides of the central band is a white band with dark blue lozenges made in supplementary weft technique, between weft dark blue lines made in plain weaving. That band is followed by three white background bands decorated with geometrical designs made of dark blue lines, small lozenges, squares and dots made in supplementary weft technique, between weft dark blue lines made in plain weaving. Between those bands are a series of dark blue and white plain weave bands some of which are decorated with either dark blue or white lines or black squares.
The strips end-up in loose warp threads.
- Production date
Length: 173 centimetres (including fringe)
Width: 152.50 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- The munyuure is a typical marriage blanket used by the Fulbe people in the Inland Delta of the Niger River in Mali. It is part of the marriage trousseau and is made exclusively for newly married couples, to be used as a blanket and as a head cover by women when they go out of the compound. The blanket is woven by male weavers Maabube (singular 'Maabo') who form a specialised cast of weavers in the Fulbe society.
The piece is woven on a double-heddle narrow strip loom. The whole textile is woven from one continuous warp strip. Each strip is designed in order to match with the strips next to it in order to form the overall design. The weaver plans in advance the designs of each strip according to the desired overall design and length. During the weaving process a short length of un-worked warp threads is left between the edges of the adjacent strips to mark the intervals. After the weaving the strips will be separated by cutting the woven piece in the un-worked intervals, and then they will be assembled together by sewing them selvedge to selvedge.
Although the textile is woven horizontally, the decoration follows a transverse continuous weft-faced arrangement symmetrically displayed from the centre of the piece, which is achieved after the strips had been assembled together. The motifs are made by using supplementary weft work combined with plain weaving. The central motif is called in Fulfulde nyaawè. The motif with the lozenges on both sides of the central band is called jowal. The next motif following the band with the jowal is called tshutirgal suudu (meaning in Fulfulde “the key of the house”). The motif on the next band is also a variation of the tshutirgal suudu. The second tshutirgal suudu is followed with a motif which is a variation of the central motif nyaawè.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- 2006 (22 November)
- Acquisition notes
- Purchased during a fieldwork and collecting trip to Mali by Dr Claude Ardouin (Dept of AOA) from 10-25 November 2006. Purchased from funds provided by Townley Group.
- Africa, Oceania and the Americas
- Registration number