- Museum number
Marriage blanket made of cotton. Composed of nine narrow strips woven machine sewn together selvedge to selvedge. Plain weave. Warp: natural colour industrial cotton. Weft: bleached cotton and dyed black, green, red and yellow cotton wefts.
Most of the piece is covered with checkred pattern made of squares composed of green, yellow and red stripes, alternating with squares made of black and white stripes. On both sides the checkred section is bordered with slim green-yellow-and-red bands. Some of the green, yellow and red squares are decorated with a supplementary weft geometric pattern in black cotton, unevenly distributed.
On both sides of that central section towards the ends of the piece is a section with black and white check.
The textile is finished with unworked warps.
- Production date
Length: 209 centimetres (including fringe)
Width: 132 centimetres
- Curator's comments
See Ethdoc 358 - Notes by vendor
'Cotton Blanket (Dori Dori), Fulani, Mali, purchased in the Arrondissement of Konna, Circle of Mopti in May 1990. Typical cotton blanket used for house decoration.'
'Note: all blankets 100% handmade done on double-heddle looms using handworked local cotton or wool (sheep). Wool blanket used all natural dyes, cotton blankets typically use synthetic dyes. All blankets are typical Fulani style of the Niger Delta area in Mali. In Fulani the weaver who's part of a special sub ethnic group is called "maabo". Cotton blanket is called "suudamaare" wool "khasa."'
This piece belongs to the category of blankets called in Fulfulde "sudumaare walaniyeeri", which in the Inland Delta of the Niger River in Mali (Mopti and Timbuktu regions) are part of the bride's marriage equipment and may be used as a decorative wall-hanging or to be folded and placed in a pile with other woven pieces to decorate the couple's bed. The model belongs to the new generation of coloured marriage blankets which spread since the 1960s in the enthusiasm generated by the independence of Mali as a young nation, with the predominance of the colours of the Malian flag (green, gold and red), sometimes inserted into older designs. An important feature in these re-visited as well as of the new designs was the use of some of the old patterns of wool and cotton weaving - here the transveral weft-faced arrangement of the motifs and the supplementary weft motifs of the black diamonds and bars.
The new beautiful designs became very popular and were adopted as part of the brides' trousseau in the Inland Delta, in addition to or competing with, the classic woollen bed-screens “arkilla kerka”. They also gained popularity in major urban centres such as Bamako and Segou. One of the factors of their success was that they were made of industrial cotton threads which were easier to procure than wool, and therefore accessible to more people.
This piece was woven by a "maabo" (weaver) on a double-heddle narrow strip loom. Maabube (sing. maabo) are an artisan cast in the social system of the Central Delta Fulbe-speaking people. One of their main specialties is weaving. The whole textile is woven from one continuous warp strip. Each strip is individually designed with the view to match with the strips next to it in order to form the overall design. The weaver therefore plans in advance the designs of each strip according to the desired overall design and length. The decoration is made through plain-weave coloured bands with transversal arrangement and by adding motifs in supplementary weft-work. During the weaving process a short length of un-worked warp threads is left between the edges of the adjacent strips to separate the strips. After the weaving the strips were separated by cutting the woven piece in the un-worked intervals, and then they were assembled together by sewing them selvedge to selvedge on a sewing machine.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Africa, Oceania and the Americas
- Registration number