- Museum number
- Series: Lower Niger Bronzes
Bell form; clapperless lost-wax cast crowned bell head form in copper alloy. Vertical raised striations on booth cheeks, ladderlike motids emerge from nostrils; three vertical striations on chin; neck ornament with calabash or medicine jar and Aro knot pendant; ladderlike and spiral decorations on left and right sides; twisted cord decoration around lower rim.
- Production date
- 10th-16thC (circa)
Diameter: 7.20 centimetres
Height: 14.40 centimetres
Weight: 221 grammes
Width: 7.60 centimetres
- Curator's comments
See Collection File CF Af1909,0811 for more infromation regarding acquisition.
Acquisitions Register 1909:
“Discovered in the earth on the Forcados River, southern Nigeria”
The term ‘Lower Niger Bronze Industry’ was created and first used by William Buller Fagg (1957, 1963, 1970) to identify a miscellaneous group of lost-wax cast objects which were stylistically and/or iconographically distinct from Igbo-Ukwu, Ife and Benin City pieces. The objects are associated with various locations in southern Nigeria, south of the confluence of Benue and Niger Rivers and between the borders with the Republic of Benin and Cameroon. They are thought to have been made prior to European contact, circa pre-1500 A.D. Sometimes referred to as the ‘Lower Niger Bronze Industries’ or ‘Lower Niger Bronzes’.
Fagg, William B. (1957) ‘Introduction’. In Plass, Margaret. Lost wax; metal casting on the Guinea Coast. London: London Institute of Contemporary Arts.
Fagg, William. (1963). Nigerian images: The splendor of African sculpture. New York ; London: Praeger.
Fagg, William. (1970) Divine Kingship in Africa. London: Published for the Trustees of the British Museum by British Museum Publications.
- Not on display
- Broken and re-joined, reinforced with wood (?) at back; repair made after acquisition(?)
- Acquisition date
- Africa, Oceania and the Americas
- Registration number