- Museum number
Photograph (black and white); a portrait of Hemara Rerehau Te Whanonga, a Maori chief, in front of a neutral backdrop; he wears a tailored suit and tie; London, England.
- Production date
- 19 June 1860
Height: 18.90 centimetres (image - oval)
Height: 27.90 centimetres (mount)
Width: 14 centimetres (image - oval)
Width: 22.80 centimetres (mount)
- Curator's comments
- Context: Hemara Rerehau Te Whanonga (Parone) was one of two Maori chiefs who joined the Novara Expedition in December or January 1859. Image Oc,B10.2 depicts the other of these two men, Hemara Rerehau Te Whanonga (Paraone ). The Novara Expedition was an expedition of the Austrian Navy, supported by Archduke Ferdinand Maximillian, which circumnavigated the globe between April 30, 1857 and August 30, 1859.
The two chiefs arrived in Vienna of October 1859, and during their time in Vienna they learned English and German, having been given appointments to work at the State Printing House. During this time they also were presented to many prominent European people, and when preparing to leave Austria, were given a printing press by the Emperor Franz Josef. This press, which was used to print the influential Māori newspaper Te Hokioi, and the press itself is currently in the Te Awamutu Museum in the Waikato district of New Zealand, having been found rusting by the banks of Waipa River (see the magazine: Te Ao Hou The New World; No. 24 (October 1958); p. 38. This journal also available online through the National Library of New Zealand at: http://teaohou.natlib.govt.nz/journals/teaohou/issue/Mao24TeA/c25.html accessed 18/11/10).
Date: This photograph is dated 19th of June 1860, because it was taken during an audiance the two men had with Queen Victoria on this date. An account of the two men's time in Vienna can be found in: Hogan, Helen; 2003; ‘Bravo, Neu Zeeland : two Māori in Vienna 1859-1860’; Christchurch: Clerestory. Press (see p. 84. for the date); and: Cowan, James; 1955; ‘The New Zealand Wars: A History of the Maori Campaigns and the Pioneering Period: Volume I (1845–64)’; Wellington: R E Owen; Chapter 26.
Photographer: At the time this image was taken Claudet was the photographer to the Queen, but he was also an important early innovator of photographic printing. However, shortly after his death in 1867 there was a fire in his studio, destroying almost everything in it, many of Claudet’s negatives were lost, making these two prints very important, as they are the only known surviving prints of the images of the two men that Claudet made, and the only known photographic image of Wiremu Toetoe Tumohe.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2009 31 July-6 Dec, London, BM, Pacific Portraits
- Surface dirt on mount.
- Associated events
- Associated Event: Novara Expedition 1858 (January)
- Acquisition notes
- This was probably part of the collection of artworks and ethnographic objects of Joseph Barnard Davis (q.v.) acquired by AW Franks (q.v.) for the British Museum at the auction sale of Davis's estate in 1883.
- Africa, Oceania and the Americas
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: No.35 (Claudet photographic series)