- Museum number
- Am1902,Kud [Cod-].8517
- Object: The Tonindeye Codex
Facsimile of codex (screenfold manuscript book) comprising 47 leaves, made of paper, painted. Contains two narratives: one side of the document relates the history of important centres in the Mixtec region, while the other, starting at the opposite end, records the genealogy, marriages and political and military feats of the Mixtec ruler, Eight Deer Jaguar-Claw.
- Production date
Height: 19 centimetres (page)
Length: 113.50 centimetres
Width: 23.50 centimetres (page)
- Curator's comments
- The Mixtec civilization is famous for its ancient pictographic books (codices), which tells the story of the dynasties that ruled the various city-states in Ñuu Dzavui, the Mixtec region, in southern Mexico between the 10th and 16th centuries C.E. The Tonindeye (or Zouche-Nuttall) codex, which comes from the kingdom of Teozacualco (Chiyo Cahnu) is an example of those Mixtec pictorial manuscripts and contains a wealth of historical information, including the biography of the great ruler Iya Nacuaa 'Teyusi Ñaña' (Lord 8 Deer 'Jaguar Claw'), who was born on June 21, 1064 C.E.
The Santo Domingo Centre for Excellence in Latin American Research (SDCELAR) project: 'Ancient Writing, Contemporary Voices: Decolonising the Mesoamerican Quincentenary' (2021) with a group of Indigenous archaeologists to study Mesoamerican writing collections. Key collaborators: Gabina Aurora Pérez Jiménez, Maarten E.R.G.N. Jansen, Omar Aguilar Sánchez.
Jansen, Maarten E.R.G.N. y Gabina Aurora Pérez Jiménez. The Mixtec Pictorial Manuscripts. Time, Agency and Memory in Ancient Mexico. Leiden / Boston: Brill, 2011
Aguilar Sánchez, Omar. Ñuu Savi: Pasado, Presente y Futuro. Descolonización, Continuidad Cultural y Re-apropiación de los Códices Mixtecos en el Pueblo de la Lluvia. Leiden: Leiden University Press, 2020.
Anders, Ferdinand, Maarten E.R.G.N. Jansen y Gabina Aurora Pérez Jiménez. Crónica Mixteca: El rey 8 Venado, Garra de Jaguar, y la dinastía de Teozacualco-Zaachila. Libro explicativo del llamado Códice Zouche-Nuttall. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1992 (b).
- Not on display
- Associated titles
Associated Title: The Zouche-Nuttall Codex (Change suggested by Jansen and Pérez Jiménez (2004). Jansen, Maarten E.R.G.N. and Gabina Aurora Pérez Jiménez, “Renaming the Mexican Códices.” Ancient Mesoamerica 15 (2004): 267–271)
- Africa, Oceania and the Americas
- Registration number
- Am1902,Kud [Cod-].8517
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: Am1902,0308,1 (replica of)
Miscellaneous number: Am1902,Drg.39671
Miscellaneous number: BM Add. MSS 39671
Miscellaneous number: KUD [Cod-]