- Museum number
Lead medal; cast and chased. (whole)
Three lilies supporting a crescent. Above, hovers an imp wearing a Jesuit's cap, and holding a sword and thunder. (reverse)
Suleyman III, Sultan of Turkey, Louis XIV, Mezzo-Morto, Dey of Algiers, and James II, with their swords drawn, stand round the altar of Discord swearing alliance. On the blazing altar is the presiding genius, the snake, and on its side, the crescent above the Christian monogram. (obverse)
- Production date
Diameter: 47.000 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Medallic Illustrations 1, published in 1885, states:
This is only an enlarged copy, but slightly varied, of Medallic Illustrations p632.54. The altar on the obverse has the additional ornament of a wreath of flowers. The reverse is also similar but issuing from a scroll ornament, in which is the date.
The French Ambassador, Count d'Avaux, in a memorial to the States of Holland, declared that Louis XIV and James II were bound to each other by the strictest ties of friendship and alliance. It was universally believed that a secret treaty existed, notwithstanding the denial of James. The treaty was called "The French league to cut Protestants' throats in England", James was said to have permitted some Algerine Corsairs to carry Dutch prizes into English ports; and Louis was charged with having excited the Turks to hostilities with Germany. In allusion to these circumstances these four potentates are represented as leaguing together against Christianity, the Devil himself being the fifth in the confederacy.
The work above mentioned, entitled "Histoire Du Roy Louis Le Grand par les Médailles, &c, 1691", containing five additional plates, Nos. 39-43, is a counterfeit edition of Menestrier's work (Paris, 1689), and was issued in Holland, where these plates, illustrating medals satirical of the French monarch, were executed. Menestrier has exposed this fraud in his second edition (Paris, 1700), and in a pamphlet entitled "Factum Justificatif" (1694).
See Pinkerton, J., ‘The Medallic History of England to the Revolution’, London, 1790 (fol.), xxxix. 8; Van Loon, Gerard, ‘Histoire Métallique des XVII. Provinces des Pays-Bas’, 5 vol. La Haye, 1732-1837 (fol) [There is also an edition in Dutch, but with different paging], III. 347.
- Not on display
- Associated events
- Associated Event: Alleged Antichristian Confederacy
- Coins and Medals
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: H51
- C&M catalogue number
MB1 (Medallic Illustrations 1) (633) (55)