- Museum number
Cast Bronze medal. (whole)
Bust of Mary I of England facing left, wearing an elaborate gown, a chemise, a pendant, a cap adorned with jewels, and a veil. Beaded border. (obverse)
A figure of Peace, draped and wearing a radiate crown, seated on a throne, below which are a cube bearing clasped hands and some scales. She holds in her right hand palm olive branches, and in her left a flaming torch with which she sets alight a pile of arms in front of a crowd of figures and a temple. To the left, suppliant figures beset by hailstorms. Above, rays issuing from a cloud. Below, water. (reverse)
- Production date
- 1554 (circa)
Diameter: 68 millimetres
Weight: 55.69 grammes
- Curator's comments
- Medallic Illustrations 1, published in 1885, states:
Not uncommon. This medal is well executed by Trezzo.
It has been supposed by Evelyn and others to refer to the suppression of Wyat's rebellion, and to the encouragement given to the Roman Catholics after the restrictions imposed upon them by Edward VI, and the device of that part of the medal to be suggested by Psalm lxvi. 11, “We went through fire and water, and thou broughtest us out into a wealthy place.” This is perhaps rather a forced interpretation of what might be partly intended as emblematic of the state of the kingdom as viewed by the Queen's friends. Peace, with the accompaniments of durability, unanimity, and justice, is destroying the arms of the turbulent, and pacifying the fears of the timid. It was probably executed by order of Philip, as a compliment to Mary upon her government of the kingdom.
The cube on which Mary sits on the reverse is symbolic of stability. The scales lying nearby are indicative of justice.
See Pinkerton, J., ‘The Medallic History of England to the Revolution’, London, 1790 (fol.), v. 3; Perry, Francis, ‘A Series of English Medals’, London, 1762, iii. 1; Van Loon, Gerard, ‘Histoire Métallique des XVII. Provinces des Pays-Bas’, 5 vol. La Haye, 1732-1837 (fol) [There is also an edition in Dutch, but with different paging], I. 10; Köhler, Johann David, ‘Historische Münz-Belustigung’, Nürnberg, 1729-1750, VII. 1; Luckius, Johannes Jacobus, ‘Sylloge Numismatum elegantiorum, &c.’, Argentinae, 1620 (fol), 165; Evelyn, John, ‘A Discourse of Medals ancient and modern, &c’, London, 1697 (fol.), 90.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Coins and Medals
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: Attwood 80e