- Museum number
Cast and chased silver medal. (whole)
A trophy between two draped palm trees. Above, a sword cuts the Gordian Knot which is attached to a helmet and a shield. (reverse)
Bust of Louis II de Bourbon, prince de Condé, right, wearing armour, a lace cravat, a sash and the cordon of an order. (obverse)
- Production date
Diameter: 81.50 millimetres (excluding rim)
Diameter: 89.000 millimetres
Weight: 197.39 grammes
Thickness: 2.80 millimetres (at rim)
Thickness: 8 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Jones 2
The inventory of the Monnaie (see 3) records a medal struck in 1671 with the same obverse and reverse types.
The crude chasing of the medal, which is not characteristic of Warin's work, is similar to the example of the medal of Pierre Séguier (registration no. G3,IP.948) illustrated by Jean de Foville in his article on the early works of Warin (see 5).
Louis II de Bourbon, fourth Prince de Condé (1621-1686), was known as the Grand Condé. On 27 January 1660 he made his submission to Louis XIV after years of fighting for the Spanish against France. On 25th February he entered Paris for the first time for seven years and Warin's medal must have been made soon after his return. The reverse composition, which also appears on jetons struck for Condé, seems likely to refer, obliquely, to these events. According to the Recueil (see 1) it means that 'si quelqu'un est assés hardy de rompre la paix (the Peace of the Pyrenees between France and Spain) il aura a faire au Prince de Condé'. This however fails to explain why the sword is cutting the knot - which seems rather to refer to the Prince's change of loyalties. Pierre Le Moyne in his Devises héroiques et morales, illustrates two palm trees leaning towards each other and discusses the love between palm trees as the paradigm of lifelong and entirely disinterested affection (see 1). This was the sense in which they were used on the reverse of a jeton of Marie de Medici struck in 1605 (see 6).
(a) Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothèque Nationale, 58 rue de Richelieu, 75084 Paris, France (BN, Paris), Sér. des Princes Fr. 292, cast silver, 86 mm, (81 mm excluding rim).
(b) BN, Paris, Sér. des Princes Fr. 293, cast bronze, 89 mm (83.5 mm excluding rim).
1. Pierre Le Moyne Devises héroiques et morales Paris 1649 pp.70, 71.
2. Recueil des médailles c. 1685 ps. 33r.
3. Ch. Perrault Les Hommes Illustres II p. 86.
4. T.N. Méd. Fr. III pl. 5 no. 5.
5. Inventaire . . . de la Monnaie nos 251, 252.
6. Feuardent Jetons nos 5774, 9542, 11985.
7. Jean de Foville 'Les premières oeuvres de Jean Varin en France' La revue de l'art vol 34 p. 157.
8. Mazerolle Varin I no. 61.
- Not on display
- Coins and Medals
- Registration number
- C&M catalogue number
MF2 (Jones 2) (217) (228)