- Museum number
Cast gun-metal medal; pierced. (whole)
Bust of Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu, right, wearing a cardinal's hat and robe. (obverse)
Hands issuing from a cloud fashion a laurel wreath. (reverse)
- Production date
Thickness: 1.70 - 4.50 millimetres
Diameter: 41.50 millimetres (excluding rim)
Diameter: 44.000 millimetres
Weight: 25.58 grammes
- Curator's comments
- Jones 2
Composition of medal:
91.5% Cu, 2.4% Zn, 3.0% Sn, 3.2% Pb, traces of Sb. A fine original cast.
Armand Jean Duplessis, Cardinal Duke of Richelieu, (1585-1642) was bishop of Luçon from 1607, adviser to Marie de Medici, Cardinal in 1622 and Louis XIII's chief minister from 1624. The defeat of the English on the Ile de Ré in November 1627 was a particular source of pleasure to Richelieu and may have provided the occasion for this medal.
The portrait is very close to that on the large medallion (T. N. Méd. Fr. I pl. 13, no. 2) which is presumably also by Dupré but which is not listed by Mazerolle.
The unconventional use of a scroll to bear the reverse legend shows the influence of devices, which frequently used this format.
(a) Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothèque Nationale, 58 rue de Richelieu, 75084 Paris, France, Sér. Icon. Fr. 303, cast bronze, pierced, 43 mm (39 mm excluding rim).
(b) Dept. of Coins and Medals, Fitzwilliam Museum, Trumpington Street, Cambridge, bronze, pierced, 42 (40) mm.
(c) Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, Milan, Italy, Brera, lead, 44 mm. Pierced.
(d) Sammlung von Medaillen, Münzen und Geldzeichen, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
(e) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, bronze, 51 mm. From Christchurch.
1. J. de Bie Les familles de la France 1634 p. 39 no. 23 and p. 43. Believes that there is an implied comparison with Scipio Africanus.
2. Recueil des médailles c. 1685 p. 31 v.
3. Museum Mazzuchellianum II pl. 108 no. 7.
4. T.N. Méd. Fr. I pl. 63 no. 3.
5. Mazerolle II, no. 700.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Coins and Medals
- Registration number
- C&M catalogue number
MF2 (Jones 2) (102) (63)