- Museum number
Porcelain teapot with ovoid body and curved handle and spout. Decorated in doucai style with underglaze blue outlines and washes and overglaze enamels. Design of Three Friends of Winter, pine, bamboo and prunus, with soft washes of green, aubergine and brown. Prunus blossoms highlighted with tiny dots of red enamels. There is a mark on the base.
- Production date
Height: 137 millimetres
Width: 107 millimetres
- Curator's comments
Published PDF date : Qing Yongzheng 1723-1735
Room 95 label text:
Ewer with doucai plants
This porcelain ewer is decorated in Qing dynasty (AD 1644–1911) doucai style with underglaze blue outlines and washes and translucent overglaze green, aubergine and brown enamel. The prunus blossoms are highlighted with tiny dots of red enamel. Chinese people read this design of pine, bamboo and prunus as the 歲寒三友 (suihan sanyou ‘The Three Friends of Winter’). Pine trees are evergreen and grow for a long time, representing stability and longevity; bamboo, another evergreen, symbolises the educated Confucian, an ideal gentleman-scholar who should be like a bamboo stem, bending not breaking in adverse conditions; and the plum stands for purity as well as leadership, as it is the first flower to bloom in China in the New Year. There is a six-character Yongzheng seal mark in underglaze blue on the base.
Porcelain with underglaze cobalt-blue and overglaze enamels
Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province江西省, 景德鎮
Qing dynasty, Yongzheng seal mark and period, AD1723–35
這件執壺是清代 (1644 ~ 1911年) 以鬥彩風格繪製的，先在釉下用青花勾勒紋樣的輪廓，再在釉上青花線輪廓中填染綠、茄紫及褐彩。梅花則以極細致的紅彩點染突顯。中國人將松、竹、梅組成的紋飾圖案稱為“歲寒三友”（意為冬天的三位朋友）。松樹，長青且生長時間長，代表穩定與長壽；竹子，另一種長青植物，象徵有修養的儒家，即君子應該像竹節一樣，直面逆境彎韌不折；梅花代表純潔，亦象徵領袖風范，因其為中國新春開放的第一種花卉。外底署青花六字雍正篆書方章款。
- Bibliographic references
Feng 2006 / Illustrated Catalogue of Ming and Ming Style Polychrome Wares in the Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art (p.76, no.A798, colour p.62)
Medley 1978 / Illustrated Catalogue of Ming Polychrome Wares in the Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art (p.49, no.161)
Krahl & Harrison-Hall 2009 / Chinese Ceramics: Highlights of the Sir Percival David Collection (pp 82-83, no.43) (p.94, mark on base)
Scott 1989a / Imperial Taste - Chinese Ceramics from the Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art (p.77, no.46)
Pierson 2002 / Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art: A Guide to the Collection (p.88, no.93 (right))
Scott 1989b / Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art: A Guide to the Collection (p.100, no.103)
Oriental Ceramic Society 1971 / Catalogue of an Exhibition of the Ceramic Art of China (p.127, no.213)
Hobson 1934 / A Catalogue of Chinese Pottery and Porcelain in the Collection of Sir Percival David Bt., F.S.A. (p.166, pl. CLXV)
- On display (G95/dc64/s6)
- Acquisition notes
- R. L. Hobson, 1934 records: From the Imperial Collection, Peking.
PDF card: Imperial Collection, Peking.
- Registration number