- Museum number
- Object: Lennard Cup
Porcelain bowl with silver-gilt mount and cover. The bowl is known as the Lennard Cup. There are incised lotus scrolls on the exterior, and a hare in reverse against a landscape in underglaze cobalt blue on the interior. There is a mark on the base.
- Production date
1569 (1560-1570 silver mounts made in London)
Diameter: 12 centimetres
Height: 16 centimetres
- Curator's comments
Published PDF date : Ming 16th century
Room 95 label text:
The ‘Lennard Cup’
This bowl, mounted in silver-gilt as a cup, is the earliest known blue-and-white porcelain with a dated mount. It belonged to an Englishman, Samuel Lennard (AD 1553-1618). The cover and foot carry the monogram FR, the mark of a goldsmith who also made church plate. The crowned leopard's head shows it was made in London and the lion passant is the standard mark for sterling silver (92.5% fine); and the letter 'm' in a shield is the wardens’ mark, denoting the year AD 1569-70, and allocating the responsibility for the purity of the silver to the assay master for that year.
Porcelain with incised and underglaze cobalt-blue decoration, and silver-gilt mounts
Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province 江西省, 景德鎮; mounted in London
Ming dynasty, about 1522–66, mounts dated AD 1569–70
- Bibliographic references
Pierson 2004 / Illustrated Catalogue of Underglaze Blue and Copper Red Decorated Porcelains in the Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art (p.51, no.695, colour p.41)
Medley 1976 / Illustrated Catalogue of Underglaze Blue and Copper Red Decorated Porcelains (p.33, no.695, pl.IV)
Scott 1989a / Imperial Taste - Chinese Ceramics from the Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art (p.106, Fig.1)
Pierson 2002 / Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art: A Guide to the Collection (p.71, no.58)
Scott 1989b / Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art: A Guide to the Collection (p.84, no.76)
Scott & Kerr 1994 / Ceramic Evolution in the Middle Ming Period (p.37, no.78)
Hobson 1934 / A Catalogue of Chinese Pottery and Porcelain in the Collection of Sir Percival David Bt., F.S.A. (p. 154, pl. CLIII)
Medley 1975 / Volume 7: Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art (Monochrome pl. 139)
Bate & Thornton 2012 / Shakespeare: Staging the World (p. 31, fig. 20; p. 286)
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2012 19 Jul-25 Nov, London, BM Shakespeare: Staging the World
- Acquisition notes
- R. L. Hobson, 1934 records: The plate-marks stamped on the mount on the lip are: the initials FR in monogram, mark of a goldsmith whose work has survived in a few specimens on Church plate; the leopard's head erased and the lion passant which are London hall-marks; and the black letter 'm' in a shield, the date-letter of the year A.D. 1569-1570. They are repeated on the cover and the foot.
The cup was the property of Sir Stephen Lennard, Bart., and is said to have descended from Samuel Lennard (AD1553-1618), the founder of the West Wickham branch of the family. It appears to be the earliest specimen of blue and white porcelain with a dated mount at present known.
Exhibited at the Reign of Queen Elizabeth Loan Exhibition, 1933.
PDF card: It was the property of Sir Stephen Lennard, Bart., and is said to have descended from Samuel Lennard (AD 1553-1618).
- Registration number