- Museum number
Gouache painting on paper from an album of eighty-two paintings of Hindu deities. Four-armed Mariamman sits on a dais in lalitasana. Tongues of flame surround her head and a five-hooded cobra rears from her crown. In her upper right hand she carries a damaru (hourglass shaped drum), around which a snake is coiled, and in her upper left hand a trishula (trident). Her lower right hand brandishes a sword, and in her lower left she carries a kapala (cup/alms bowl). In place of a garland, a snake hangs from her shoulders.
- Production date
- 1850 (circa)
Height: 32.40 centimetres (page)
Width: 29 centimetres (page)
- Curator's comments
- Dallapiccola 2010:
This album of eighty-two paintings of Hindu deities is bound in a wooden cover carved with the image of a female figure playing a vina, surrounded by a creeper. It comprises of an almost equal number of Vaishnava and Shaiva themes, a complete set of images of the ashtadikpalas, and a group of murtis (sacred images of a deity) worshipped in specific temples. The exceptional feature of this work is the inclusion of a group of grama devatas, local deities worshipped in rural areas.
The album contains a number of images of murtis worshipped at specific sites, and the geographical distribution of these sites and the presence of local deities such as Kattavarayan, might indicate that this album was produced either in north or central Tamil Nadu.
The paintings are inscribed with French captions, which are carefully written by two different hands, one of which appears only very occasionally. The text of the captions gives only the name of the depicted deity and, if necessary, a short explanation of the illustrated incident. A few inscriptions are not accurate. The names have been phonetically transcribed to suit the French pronunciation of Indian names.
The artist is conversant with an almost ‘impressionistic’ brushwork style, used consistently in rendering the crowns of the trees, which is at odds with the stiff and formal treatment used in the drawings of the deities, imitating the style of woodcut prints of the mid to late nineteenth century. The figures are somewhat heavily built, with the draping of their clothing emphasized.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Registration number