- Museum number
Painting, two-panel screen. Mountain village in snow: three huts in left panel; peasants couple carrying faggots in right panel. Ink and light colours on paper. Signed and sealed.
- Production date
Height: 123 centimetres (each panel)
Height: 155 centimetres (screen)
Width: 53.60 centimetres (each panel)
Width: 131 centimetres (screen)
- Curator's comments
- Hizo Nihon bijutsu taikan Vol 1
Okamoto Toyohiko (1773-1845) was born in what is now the city of Kurashiki, to a merchant family that ran a wine shop. He went to Edo (now Tokyo) and there apprenticed himself to Goshun. He was given the familiar name Shigen and was called Shime. He alternatively signed his works with the names Tangaku, Koson, Rikyo, and Choshinsai.
With Keibun, Goshun's younger half-brother, Toyohiko laid a firm foundation for the Shijo school of painting. While Keibun's particular area of expertise was bird-and-flower paintings, Toyohiko had his complementary sphere in landscapes.
The inscription on Toyohiko's tombstone, located in the Rokuhara Mitsu-ji Temple, states that the real worth of his paintings lies not in their outward expression, but in their inner spirit. His work expresses the essence of the Shijo school - a style of painting quite distinct from that of the ostensible naturalness and simplicity sought by Maruyama Okyo.
The composition of 'Mountain Village' is directly expressive of the spirit of Toyohiko's work. The artist isolates a corner of nature and infuses it with lyricism. He rejects scenes of grand, sprawling nature in favor of a mountain village rendered quite small. It would be difficult to imagine a work more economical in its brushstrokes.
Such economy is intrinsic to the Shijo school. This school of painting thus shares something with the traditional haiku poetic form, expressed with a mere seventeen syllables. Toyohiko's work, moreover, has a poetic dimension not evident in the painting of the Maruyama school.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2011 Oct – 2012 Feb, BM Japanese Galleries, ‘Japan from Prehistory to the Present’
- Acquisition date
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Asia painting number: Jap.Ptg.Add.402 (Japanese Painting Additional Number)