- Museum number
- Object: The Buddha
Standing Buddha, originally in 'abhaya-mudra'. The major drapery folds are harmoniously ridged and terraced in the two schemes, falling densely below both arms. The neckline is moderately raised and curved, and the backthrow is distinct both on the shoulder and under the left arm against the gathered drapery.
The head is neatly oval and the hair runs in dense waved bands from a peak over the ūrṇā into the uṣṇīṣa. The long but very open eyes have irises and, like the mouth, are set into a modelled face with the line of the eyebrows curved in section.
The breasts and abdomen are rounded, the feet large, the toes long and featureless (save for nails). On the upper 'abhaya-mudra' arm is the vestige of a strut. Between the legs is an almost flat backplate and, below, a rectangular base. Its panel, framed by an acanthus cornice, Corinthian pilasters and the usual base mouldings, contains a seated and haloed Buddha in 'dhyāna-mudra', hands covered, and flanked by kneeling monks with joined hands. On each return are the same pilasters and mouldings, and a six-petalled rosette.
The halo had a narrow ornamental band near the edge.
- Production date
Diameter: 9.20 centimetres
Height: 48.26 centimetres
Width: 18 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Zwalf, 1996:
The two schemes mentioned relate to the arrangement of the drapery folds on the over-robe or outer-garment of Gandharan standing Buddha figures. There are two types of folds: major and minor folds. The major folds may consist of usually rounded ridges in varying relief, which may also be a little undercut from above to form shallow pockets and more mechanically distributed terraces. In between them there may be minor folds, usually thin ribs in very low relief. The alternation of major and minor folds may continue down the whole body (see 1889.1109.1 8), or may be concentrated on the upper part of the body (see 1899.0715.1 2). There are also sculptures where the minor folds are almost wholly absent (see 1902.1002.11 12). The folds are usually arranged according to two basic rules: the folds above the middle are generally centred on the right side of the body, and those downwards from it are distributed along a vertical line between the legs.
The term ‘backthrow’ refers to that part of the over-robe or outer-garment which is thrown over the left shoulder after the body has been draped.
- Not on display
- 1.Light grey schist, broken and with heavy soil incrustation.
2.Head rejoined with plaster at neck; much of the halo, forearms and ears are lost; and some garment edges damaged.
3.Bottom with chisel grooves and cramp mortise to the back.
4.Carved onto sides. Back with short horizontal and diagonal chisel grooves.
- Acquisition date
- Registration number