- Museum number
- Object: The Buddha and his multiple emanations.
Fragment, showing multiple Buddha manifestations, from a larger composition. The haloed Buddha, seated in meditation with covered hands, wears the robe over both shoulders, its curved neckline in relief. The drapery folds are defined by paired grooves; below the hands the over-robe hangs in a semi-circle and onto the seat beside a spreading fall of gathered drapery from the left wrist, which appears less often when the hands are covered. The head is oval, with damaged undulating hair and a large damaged uṣṇīṣa, the eyes are shown as slits below lowered eyelids and the mouth is also almost a horizontal slit. Between each shoulder and thigh emerge and radiate three very damaged, haloed, standing Buddha figures with crudely indicated drapery folds and, in three instances, an 'abhayamudrā' hand (top left and two upper right). The second down on the left appears to wind an arm in his robe; the gesture on the others is not clear. The Buddha is sitting on the circular top of an obconical gynoecium rising from a lotus with three rows of petals, some sharply pointed, above a short stalk.
Beside the Buddha and on his own lotus base, which lacks a distinct gynoecium, a monk kneels with his back to him, his flexed lower left leg on his flat lotus top, the other leg vertical up to the knee; he looks upwards, no doubt at a major figure. His robe, with some paired grooves to show drapery folds, leaves his right shoulder bare; his disproportionately large left hand holds a mass of flowers; his head, without a hairline, is quite sharply thrown back, and the eyes are open and evenly ringed with lids. His lotus has one row of pointed petals above a thin stalk shown on its side. Below these figures are the remains of a border.
- Production date
Diameter: 5.30 centimetres
Height: 25.40 centimetres
Width: 25.40 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Zwalf 1996:
On complex preaching Buddha panels comparable subsidiary Buddhas, each with radiating emanations of himself, are at the top or some way towards it. This fragment, apparently on the left-hand side of a larger composition, may, from the position of the monk worshipping upwards, have been considerably lower down. The arrangement of radiating Buddhas is also found on panels where the preaching Buddha is the principal figure, and on these each subordinate Buddha stands on his own lotus base.Buddhas radiating from the subsidiary Buddhas of Lahore 1135 have been explained as emphasising their supernatural and magical character or, appropriately for Amitabha's paradise Sukhavati, as mandalas and 'meditative reflections of Amitabha' with emanations to teach the Dharma. The presence on Chandigarh 1137 of a Buddha and Bodhisattva, each with radiating emanations, has been seen, with the help of textual descriptions, as indicating rather the power of each to manifest appropriate forms for the spiritual betterment of humanity, an explanation also applicable to the independent images.
For the Bodhisattva with radiating emanations see 1899.0715.5.
- Not on display
- 1.Grey schist, broken, chipped and sawn in modern times from a larger piece.
2.Top, where intact, a smooth worked surface; left and right sides continue downwards, smooth as on top, as far as handful of flowers at bottom right, while left side is rough below radiating Buddhas; back, bottom and part of right side sawn and smooth.
- Acquisition date
- Registration number