- Museum number
Object: Tokaido Hodogaya 東海道程ヶ谷 (Hodogaya on the Tokaido Highway)
Series: Fugaku sanjurokkei 冨嶽三十六景 (Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji)
Colour woodblock oban print. Travellers on road lined with pine trees at Hodogaya: foot-traveller on far right with itinerant Buddhist monk, deep sedge hat and bamboo flute, gazing at roadside stone image of deity carved into rock-face of hillside; palanquin bearers resting to mop brow and re-tie sandal; man leading horse pointing herding stick towards Mt Fuji in background. 1 of 2 impressions. Inscribed, signed and marked.
- Production date
- 1832 (probably 1832 (Keyes and Morse 2015))
Height: 25.30 centimetres
Width: 38.20 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Clark 2001
Hodogaya was the fourth post-station on the Tokaido Highway, heading west out of Edo. After Hodogaya, the traveller would climb the incline of Gonta-zaka towards the border between the provinces of Musashi and Sagami at the top. Kobayashi suggests that the location here is the decline slope of Shinano-zaka on the other side, where aged pine trees lined the road (UT 1975, no. 36). Certainly the foot-traveller on the far right, heading east towards Edo, looks to be commencing a climb. He wears the distinctive apparel of an itinerant monk ('komuso'), face all but obscured by a deep sedge hat and a bamboo flute ('shakuhachi') pushed through his sash. Half cropped by the right side of the sheet can just be made out a roadside stone image of a deity - perhaps Fudo with his sword held vertical - apparently carved into the rock-face of the hillside. The monk's face is tilted upwards, presumably to gaze at this. The other travellers and the horse show evidence of their recent exertions over the hill, the palanquin bearers resting to mop a brow and re-tie a sandal. The only one admiring the view of Fuji is the man leading the horse, pointing his herding stick towards the mountain like a teacher at a blackboard. As seen several times before in the series, the trademark and seal of the publisher, Nishimuraya, are insinuated into the design, here as the motifs on the horse-blankets (The pattern on the blanket that passes under the horse's belly looks to be the stylized character 'ju' from Eijudo and on the cloth above the tail is the triple-tomoe trademark).
Two shades of green enliven the rhythmical clusters of pine needles; dots of moss jump out of the bark and branches; above all, the swaying poses of the pine trees seem almost to turn them into a line of animate beings, graciously parting in the middle to show us Fuji. Now the shapes of the clusters of pine needles start to look like Fuji-shaped clouds filling the sky. The horse with its drooping head and tail, and the rider, with his white hat like snow on his summit, don't they combine to form another, animate Fuji in the foreground? Hokusai constantly set up these formal resonances within a composition.
One early variant seems to be to have lime green on the foreground road, the grass on the hillside on the right and the foothills of Fuji (MOA 1982, no. 36). Also in the British Museum collection is an impression from the later, black-line printing of the design, with gradated orange on the horizon and black slopes of Fuji (1906.12-20.0534). All the grassy areas in the foreground are printed in pale green, rather than the Berlin blue seen here.
'Ukiyo-e taikei, vol. 13: Fugaku sanju-rokkei', Tokyo, Shueisha, 1975 (text by Kobayashi Tadashi), no. 36.
'Meihin soroimono ukiyo-e, vol. 8: Hokusai I', Tokyo, Gyosei, 1991 (text by Nagata Seiji), no. 23.
Julia White, 'et al.', 'Hokusai and Hiroshige: Great Japanese Prints from the James A. Michener Collection, Honolulu Academy of Arts', Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, 1998 (commentaries by Yoko Woodson), no. 41.
Smith, Lawrence. 'Twelve Views of Mount Fuji'. London, Trustees of the British Museum, 1981, [no. 10].
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2001, 11 May-29 Jul, BM Japanese Galleries, '100 Views of Mount Fuji'
2008 Jun-Oct 10, BM Japanese Galleries, 'Japan from prehistory to the present'
- Acquisition date
- Registration number