- Museum number
Object: La levée du siège de la Rivière Noire [Khara-usu] (The Lifting of the Siege of the Black River Camp)
Object: Heishui weijie 黑水圍解
Series: Conquêtes de l'Empereur de la Chine
Plate 7: The lifting of the siege of the Black River (La levée du siège de la Rivière Noire); from the series of sixteen plates illustrating the 'Victories of the Emperor of China'; in the foreground, a Qing general (Zhaohui or Fude?) on horseback on a rocky outcrop with his soldiers, one firing a cannon; just below, to right, Qing cavalry chase the enemy cavalry, with only a few offering resistance; to left in the middle ground, Qing troops on the bank of the Black River (Qara usu) across which a bridge is being constructed, a camp behind; in the immediate foreground, resting camels with cannon supports on their backs. 1771
Etching with engraving, on European paper mounted with a fillet; inscription; two seals.
- Production date
Height: 51.40 centimetres (sheet; trimmed)
Width: 89 centimetres (sheet; trimmed)
- Curator's comments
- 黑水圍解 (The lifting of the siege of the Black River; La levée du siège de la Rivière Noire)
This impression, was printed in Paris, illustrates the end of the siege of a camp at Qara usu (the Black River), near Yarkand. Qing troops were blockaded there over the winter of 1758 for three months. The siege was lifted in 1759. According to some sources, they were saved by the arrival of the army led by General Fude and others; according to others, Zhaohui, on hearing that relief troops were coming, broke free.
From a set of sixteen plates commemorating the Qianlong Emperor's victories in Central Asia from 1755 to1759. The prints were commissioned by the Emperor himself, and produced in Paris by the best engravers, under the direction of Charles Nicolas Cochin (fils), between 1767 and 1774. See Tanya Szrajber, 'The Victories of the Emperor Qianlong", 'Print Quarterly', March 2006, Volume XXIII, Number 1, pp. 28-47.
See also the Royal Academy exhibition catalogue, 'China: The Three Emperors 1662-1795', edited by Evelyn S. Rawski and Jessica Rawson, London, 2005, no. 75, pp. 169 and 407.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2010 May-Sep, BM, Dept of Asia, The Printed Image in China
2012 5th May -29th July, New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, ‘The Printed Image in China’
- Acquisition date
- Registration number