- Museum number
Painting of bodhisattva Mañjuśrī, seated on a lotus, riding a lion with multi-coloured mane, accompanied by a dark-skinned attendant. Blank cartouche at top left. Ink and colour on silk.
- Production date
Height: 66 centimetres
Width: 24.80 centimetres
- Curator's comments
From Whitfield 1982:
As Arthur Waley wrote in his Catalogue (p. 153), this painting is “completely Indian in style”, so much so that he both suggested that the origin of the karashishi, or “Chinese lion”, should be sought in India rather than China, and also looked for a possible Indian alternative to Mañjusrī as the Bodhisattva. Comparison, however, with another banner in the Pelliot collection shows how intimately the Chinese and Indian modes were connected at Dunhuang in the ninth century. The banner in question shows Manjusri riding on a lion (Bannières, No.126). The lion is portrayed in very similar fashion in both paintings, the main difference being that in the Pelliot painting he does not have an attendant and his mane is green only and not of several colours. It is the Bodhisattva figures alone who present a total contrast, the one in Paris being Chinese in type, with a rather heavy figure largely concealed by ample draperies, as opposed to the almost sultry Bodhisattva with diaphanous purple garments and abundant jewelry of the Stein painting.
These similarities and differences confirm what we have already seen in paintings such as Pl.16, namely that Indian and Chinese modes of depiction, particularly for figures such as those of the Bodhisattvas, flourished side by side at Dunhuang and may even have been executed by the same painters, following different models.
From Whitfield 1982:
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1990 20 Oct-9 Dec, Japan, Tokyo, Setagaya Art Museum, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.162
1991 5 Jan-20 Feb, Japan, Yamaguchi, Prefectural Museum of Art, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.162
1991 9 Mar-7 May, Japan, Osaka, National Museum of Art, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.162
2005 11 Apr-10 Jul, Seoul Arts Centre, Treasures of the World's Cultures
2007 8 Feb-5 Aug, BM Gallery 91, 'Gods, Guardians and Immortals: Chinese Religious Paintings'
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- For full acquisition history, see 1919,0101,0.1.
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: Ch.0036 (Stein no.)