- Museum number
One of eleven wool tapestry fragments (105, 106a+b, 106-1a+b+c, 106-2, 107, 108, 109, 110, 114), originally from one large piece. 105 and 106 are the two largest ones, from which, the pattern could be basically reconstructed, as shown on the layout. It has strips and lines of crosses arranged alternately. The strips are normally two wide green strips with one narrow red strip in the centre, but occasionally two wide red strips with one narrow green strip, and the colourful crosses are normally in red or blue colour, with additional green, blue, yellow or purple colours, resulting a form similar to a Chinese character, wang, meaning the king. The same character wang was found in a pottery jar at Niya tomb no.8, in 1995. The strips were woven in a common plain weave weave, but the crosses were woven with paired wefts in a tapestry weave. There are seams on the 106 and 110, which probably show that the fragment was originally a garment. One line of cross pattern, appearing on both 106 and 107, was repaired with red plain weave woven with spun silk, to match the original colour for this line, but the same line one 105 was with a wool tapestry fragment with check pattern.
Warp: wool, S-2Z, single, white, 7 ends/cm; Weft: wool, Z twisted, dark blue, light blue, red, green, purple and yellow, single for the strips, 20 lats/cm, but paired for the crosses, 18lats/cm. Weave structure: common 1/1 plain weave weave with continuous wefts for the strips, and tapestry with discontinuous wefts for the crosses.
Spun silk plain weave:
Warp: spun silk, Z twisted, single, red, 16 ends/cm; Weft: spun silk, Z twisted, red, 14 lats/cm. Weave structure: 1/1 plain weave.
經線：毛，兩根Z撚絲線以S撚並撚，單根排列，白色， 7根/cm；緯線：毛， Z撚，藏藍、玫瑰紅、黃色，其中藏藍、黃兩色緯線雙根排列，20/cm玫瑰紅色緯線爲單根排列，18根/cm；組織：1/1平紋，通經斷緯。
經線：綿線，Z撚，紅色，單根排列， 16根/cm；緯線：綿線， Z撚，紅色，單根排列，14根/cm；組織：1/1平紋。
- Production date
Length: 48.50 centimetres
Width: 34 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- This piece belongs to a group of fragments from the same rug, registered as 1907,1111.106-110.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- The 1907-11-11 group refers to objects from Stein's First Central Asian Expedition, 1900-01. According to Stein's Introduction to 'Ancient Khotan' (1907), the expedition was funded by the Governments of India, the Panjab (Punjab) and from provincial funds of Bengal. All the finds were shipped to London for sorting, research and publication. The Government of India then recommended that Dr Rudolf Hoernle, together with the British Museum, should determine the distribution of the finds (BM Archives, Stein Papers, CE32/23/5).
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: N.vii.3 (Stein no.)