- Museum number
- Object: The Intervention of Ānanda.
Stupa drum panel showing perhaps the Intervention of Ānanda. The haloed Buddha sits with his over-robe covering both shoulders and with a high and almost pointed neckline; the edges fall in relief from the forearm of his abhaya hand to the seat, while gathered drapery hangs from his pendent left hand and spreads on the seat. The drapery folds are shown by paired grooves. The head is oval, the damaged face slightly smiling and the wavy hair continues into the uṣṇīṣa above a raised hairline. Beside and above the halo are dense leafy branches and the strewn rectangular seat has a moulded plinth and a scrolled face.
To the Buddha's right a woman offers a long cylindrical and tapering object like a flask, with a groove round it at the top and bottom, not greatly resembling the garland suspended by a cord seen in BM 1892.0801.7. She wears a large headdress like a segmented wreath, a paridhāna round her sleeved tunic covering her left leg in two straight edges, a narrow scarf, an earring, bracelets and anklets; the woman behind her is similarly dressed but for the paridhāna and joins her hands. Farther back are two worshipping male figures with crested turbans and ornaments, one wearing the uttarīy to cover the body, the other in the narrow mode. Above are three half-length ornamented figures, all in uttarīya, holding petals or flowers on a stalk in their raised right hands; two are turbaned.
On the Buddha's left stands a monk, his hairline barely visible and his robe, with paired grooves defining folds, worn with one shoulder bare and the upper undergarment visible. Two monks are seated behind him, both with hands covered in the over-robe, which has a raised and slightly pointed neckline, broad ridges or grooves for garment folds, and lies spread in a straight edge below the lap. Their obliquely placed and strewn rectangular seats have a moulded plinth and scrolled pattern on one face and triangles containing each a small indented triangle on the other. Above them are three turbaned figures like those opposite but holding flowers in large bunches or on a stalk in one hand. They all have protruding rounded eyes and crude features while the other figures on the panel have open eyes and better-cut faces with hints of expressions.
Above, between fillets, is an ovolo with a sharply cut leaf pattern pointing to the left; the framing fillet below is plain.
- Production date
Diameter: 6.30 centimetres
Height: 23.50 centimetres
Width: 42.30 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Zwalf 1996:
When Mahāprajāpati and other women asked the Buddha to admit them to the Order, then entirely male, he refused; in yellow robes and tonsured, they appealed unsuccessfully again, Ānanda interceded and the Buddha, though relenting, imposed more stringent conditions of discipline upon nuns than those binding monks.
Since Foucher's provisional recognition of this subject on the present panel, without explanation of the vessel, more examples which might be grouped with it have been noted, but a conclusive identification remains desirable. Foucher himself observed that the women had already adopted monastic dress when Ānanda interceded for them and supposed that their lay appearance on the panels might be deliberate to ensure recognition of the subject and to avoid the confusion caused by the similar appearance of monks and nuns.
- On display (G33/dc50b/s3)
- 1.Grey schist, with light surface damage and soil incrustation.
2.Top and bottom flat, top with cramp mortise to each side.
3.Left side very irregular and narrow; right side flat, rough and narrow.
4.Back with vertical chisel grooves.
5.Mason's mark in bottom right-hand corner of framing fillet.
6.Curved in section.
- Associated events
- Associated Event: Intervention of Ananda (probably)
- Acquisition date
- Registration number