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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Alexandra Porter

Project Curator

Department: Middle East 


+44 20 7323 8400

Alexandra Porter has a Bachelor of Arts from Trinity College, University of Toronto, Canada, that focused on Anthropology and ancient Near Eastern Archaeology. Her PhD from the Institute of Archaeology, University College London, was on the archaeology of ancient South Arabia.

She was Assistant Curator for the exhibition "Queen of Sheba: Treasures from ancient Yemen", that took place at the British Museum in 2002. She subsequently worked as curatorial intern in the Department of ancient Near Eastern Art at the Metropolitan Museum in New York. Returning to the British Museum, she catalogued antiquities from Yemen for the MENCAWAR project, and since 2009 worked as a Project Curator for the Zayed National Museum (Abu Dhabi) project. She is currently working on the Sir Leonard Woolley Excavation Archives with the Ur Project in the Middle East Department.

Recent Publications

Journal Articles

‘A Sabaean-related ceramic jar from the Almaqah Temple, Meqaber Ga‘ewa: A preliminary thin-section analysis’, Zeitschrift für Orient-Archäologie 3, (2010), 203-208.

‘The function of ceramic jar Type 4100: A preliminary organic residue analysis’. Porter A., Stacey R. & Durham B.Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 39, (2009), 321-334.

‘Stela BM 102600 = CIH 611 in the British Museum: water regulation between two bordering estates’. Mazzini, G. & Porter, A. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 39, (2009), 221-232.

‘Amphorae trade between South Arabia and East Africa in the first millennium BC: a re-examination of the evidence’. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 34, (2004), 261-275.

Edited volumes

Red Sea Trade and Travel in the Red Sea Region: Proceedings of the Red Sea Project I held in the British Museum October 2002, Lunde P. & Porter A. (eds), Archaeopress BAR (2004).

Catalogue contribution

Queen of Sheba Treasures from Ancient Yemen. Simpson St. J. (ed.). London: British Museum Press, (2002).