The Department of Prehistory and Europe has a responsibility to process prehistoric, Roman, medieval and early modern objects - except for coins - under the terms of the Treasure Act 1996. Any object found in England or Wales containing at least 10% gold or silver, and at least 300 years old when found, qualifies as potential Treasure and must be reported to the local coroner by the finder.

Processing Treasure finds is a major part of the department's role in the Museum. The Department of Coins and Medals and the Department of Conservation, Science & Documentation are also involved in implementing the Treasure Act.

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