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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Lost Kingdoms of South America
BBC Four series

Broadcast on Mondays, 21.00, 
14 January  4 February 2013

Lost Kingdoms of South America is presented by British Museum curator Jago Cooper

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  • tortora reed boat
  • Spondylus shell
  • Slingshot
  • Gold tunjo

Objects from South America: tortora reed boat, spondylus shell, slingshot, gold tunjo.

South America has witnessed the emergence of some of the most intriguing and diverse ancient cultures in the world.

From the tropical Caribbean coast of Colombia to the frozen Andean peaks of Bolivia, the wet cloud forests of the Amazon to the dry deserts of the Atacama in Peru, the series explores the stories of four different pre-Incan cultures and the different pathways they took to social complexity.


Explore the cultures

Cotton Quipu

Discover the four featured cultures through objects in the British Museum collection.

Chachapoya 

Chachapoya literally translates as ‘the people of the clouds’

Chimu 

The Kingdom of Chimor arose in the desert sands of coastal Peru

Muisca/Tairona 

These goldsmiths of Colombia produced spectacular treasures

Tiwanaku 

After almost 2000 years, Tiwanaku is still a focal point in modern Bolivia

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More from the blog 

BBC website

Image: Dr Jago Cooper, Marcelino Choque and friend. Exchanging Coca – ritual greeting – Potolo, Bolivia. Photo: Stevie Whiteford

Find out more about the series and watch clips of the episodes on the BBC website

Lost Kingdoms of South America, BBC Four 

Catch-up

Watch episode four: Kingdom of the Desert on the BBC iPlayer 

Watch episode three: Lands of Gold on the BBC iPlayer 

Watch episode two: The Stone at the Centre on the BBC iPlayer 

Watch episode one: People of the Clouds on the BBC iPlayer 

Image: Dr Jago Cooper, Marcelino Choque and friend. Exchanging Coca – ritual greeting – Potolo, Bolivia. Photo: Stevie Whiteford