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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


The MBI Al Jaber Foundation Public Lecture
The quest for the copper mountain of Magan: how early metallurgy shaped Arabia and set the horizons of the Bronze Age world

Saturday 26 July,

Free, booking essential

Phone +44 (0)20 7323 8181
Ticket Desk in Great Court

Recommend this event

More than 4,000 years before petroleum reconfigured Arabia's role in the modern world, copper played a similar part in the development of Bronze Age Arabia.

Lloyd Weeks, University of New England, Australia, will discuss the social, technological and economic roles of metals in the early complex societies of the ancient Near East, and the ways in which a Bronze Age copper 'boom' in south-eastern Arabia, ancient Magan, underpinned its integration into the long-distance exchange systems and cultural encounters that characterised the Bronze Age world.

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