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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Joint Middle East Department/Palestine Exploration Fund lecture series
Ten days in the life of Dura-Europos: gods, cults and temples on the Seleucid, Parthian and Roman Euphrates

Thursday 5 December,
Stevenson Lecture Theatre
Free, just drop in, limited seating

Recommend this event

Dura-Europos, a small fortress town on a plateau overlooking the Middle Euphrates, has been under Seleucid, Parthian and Roman control.

This clear-cut periodisation of Dura’s history has strong implications for studies of the town’s religious life.

Excavations have revealed an astonishing variety of gods and goddesses – Greek, indigenous and Roman deities, and gods from the nearby caravan city of Palmyra.

Ted Kaizer, University of Durham, selects ten snapshots from the rich material evidence to showcase the variety and development of Dura’s religious life, examining whether a reconstruction of the town’s ritual calendar can be attempted.

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Dura Europos – the Euphrates viewed from the Citadel, looking north. Courtesy of Ted Kaizer, Durham University.