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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Teacher course
Classical civilisations: using museums

Friday 19 July,
Clore Centre for Education
Tickets £210

Contact the AQA on 0161 957 3646, or email teachercpd@aqa.org.uk.

Recommend this event

Teachers will explore ways in which their students can make the richest use of the resources available when visiting museums.

The day will provide ideas on lesson planning and related activities, and consider how such visits can be integrated into successful teaching. It features sessions led by British Museum experts, including artefact handling.

In partnership with the AQA. For all further information and booking, visit www.aqa.org.uk.

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Marble statue of the spinario, Roman, 1st century AD. Copy of a Hellenistic Greek original of the 3rd century BC.