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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Official Jun Ware (Scope note)

Regular Jun wares were made at many kilns across Junzhou prefecture (modern Yuzhou or Yuxian) in central Henan from the late Northern Song dynasty (AD 960–1126) until the Ming dynasty (AD 1368–1644). To date, ‘Official’ Jun wares have only been found at one kiln site near the Juntai terrace, inside the north gate of the administrative seat of Yuzhou prefecture. ‘Official’ Jun wares were made in the early Ming period (about AD 1368 to 1435). They are also called ‘Numbered’ Jun because they bear Chinese numbers incised on their bases. These numbers range from one to ten. Their forms are limited to flower pots and their saucers, shallow bulb bowls with studs and bronze-inspired vases. Unlike earlier Song, Jin and Yuan Jun wares, ‘Official’ Jun wares have not been found in tombs but are included in the former palace collections, suggesting they were only made for court use in the Ming dynasty.