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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Zhangzhou Export Ware (Scope note)

These heavily-potted and crudely-painted porcelains were made for export at various kilns, mostly located in the Chinese coastal province of Fujian. Before 1994, these porcelains were called ‘Swatow’ wares after an old Dutch transliteration of Shantou, a port in northern Guangong province which was mistakenly connected with them. They were traded to countries in Southeast Asia such as Indonesia, the Phillipines and Malaysia as well as to Japan and Holland. They are characterised by coarse sandy bases and were made with underglaze blue, overglaze enamel and slip decoration on a single coloured ground.