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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Longquan Ware (Scope note)

Material Culture: Yuan, Ming Dynasty. Production Place: China. A stoneware covered with a thick green celadon glaze which was widely exported from the Yuan period until the end of the 15th century. D. Kennet: 'Sasanian and Islamic Pottery from Ras al-Khaimah. Classification, chronology and analysis of trade in Western Indian Ocean', Oxford: Archaeopress, 2004, p. 49.