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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


kinrande (Scope note)

Japanese name for the gold color added to Chinese 'wucai' porcelain, featuring a white-base with red, green and yellow motifs, made in Ming-dynasty China. (Dictionary of Japanese Architectural and Art Historical Terminology, JAANUS)