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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


colour (Scope note)

This term is restricted to prints and covers all varieties of prints on which the colour has been printed rather than added by hand to the sheet after it has been printed. It includes both printing from multiple plates and from a single plate coloured 'à la poupée'. The term hand-coloured should be used for prints where the colouring has been added by hand after printing. The term 'colour' should be entered in addition to a print technique in cases where more than one block, plate, stone or screen has been used. N.B. Lithographs solely using the tint-stone for background colour do not qualify as 'colour lithographs'. See also 'woodblock' for Japanese colour sheet prints, which after 1765 are invariably colour woodblock printed.