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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


engraved (Scope note)

This term is used to cover directly incised surfaces. In the context of Early Medieval material, the term refers to decoration, lettering, deliberate marks and signs, etc. cut into the surface of an object, generally to some depth and width. It also refers to incising designs in metal, wood, etc. for reproduction by printing.