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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


glazed (Scope note)

In most instances, objects with underglaze designs are then given a clear or less frequently, coloured, glaze. This is assumed so not generally specified in the Description, but always indicated by the additional Technique 'glazed'. However, if the overall glaze is not applied, theis is noted in the Description as 'unglazed'. N.B. The Technique ‘glazed’ never applies to ancient Greek pottery, meaning pottery produced throughout all periods from the Aegean (or Greek) Neolithic to the Hellenistic periods. The term 'black glaze' is used for Greek pottery which is covered in a clay slip that turns a glossy black during firing. In such instances, the Technique is 'slipped' and not 'glazed', even if the term ‘glazed’ may appear in the Description to designate areas of ‘black glaze’.