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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


wood-engraving (Scope note)

This term is a variety of relief printmaking using a wooden block, into which lines have been cut using a burin or other fine-pointed tool. The distinction between wood-engraving and woodcut is between hard end-grain wood (usually boxwood) cut across the grain with engraving tools (wood-engraving), and soft-grain wood cut along the grain with a knife and gouge (woodcut). With Japanese prints, the term 'woodblock' is traditionally used in preference to ''woodcut'. The type of wood used for woodcut/woodblock is always a soft wood: in Japan it is usually cherry, in the West pear, lime wood or similar.