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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


woven (Scope note)

Apart from the Department of Africa, Oceania and the Americas, this technique is generally assumed for textiles and is not entered in the Techniques field unless specified in the documentation. Hand-woven is assumed (as opposed to commercially produced). It is only specified in the Description if the context is unusual. See also basketry.