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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


England (Scope note)

English place names are split into modern counties (as used from 1996 onwards) and archaic counties (as used before 1974). All places should appear under both a modern and an archaic county Broad Term, although this is still a work in progress. The counties created in 1974 and abolished in 1996, such as Avon, should not be used, except as a Non-Preferred (Use For) term.