Egypt (Scope note)
The term 'nome' refers to an administrative district of Ancient Egypt. The term nome (from the Greek “nomos” meaning district) came into usage from the Ptolemaic period (late 4th century BC onwards). This name replaced the original Egyptian district name “sepat”. The nome remained an administrative district until the early 4th century AD when smaller units, “pagi”, were formed. Over the years the borders of these nomes fluctuated but were mostly centred upon a town after which the nome was usually named, e.g. Memphis was the main town of the Memphite Nome. N.B. For places n Egypt, the term 'Gebel' is used in preference to 'Jebel' to reflect local pronounciation. For places in Sudan and the Middle East, the term 'Jebel' is used in preference.